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Early Office Museum
Antique Check Protector Gallery
~ 1869-1899 ~

Ad Illustration
Click to Enlarge
Model, Years Patented, Years Advertising Observed, Manufacturer Photograph
Click to Enlarge
1869_Check_Protector_M_E_Berolzheimer_Pat_No_97344_Nov_30_A.jpg (186733 bytes) 1869_Check_Protector_M_E_Berolzheimer_Pat_No_97344_Nov_30_B.jpg (138070 bytes)
1869 ad

Berolzheimer Check Protector
Patented 1869
U.S. Patent No. 97,344 awarded to Max Emanuel Berolzheimer
New York, NY
This check protector was designed to punch holes in checks that had been printed for use with this particular machine. This patent is the earliest evidence of a mechanical check protector that we have found.  We do not know whether it was actually marketed.  The top illustration to the left shows the machine.  The bottom illustration to the left shows the pattern that was printed on the checks as well as another image of the machine and an image of the female die.

National_Safety_Check_Punch_1874_adv_OM.jpg (322489 bytes)
1874 ad
National Safety Check Punch
Patented 1870 ~ Exhibition Awards 1870-71 ~ Advertised 1872-74
J. B. Parks, New York, NY (1872)
Photo to right courtesy of Larry Meeker
1870 National Safety Check Punch.jpg (26789 bytes)
. 1871
In 1871, Charles Cory & Son, New York, NY, won an award for the "best safety check punch" 
at the 39th Annual Exhibition of the American Institute of the City of New York.  No image is available.
1871_J_G_Moody_Improved_Perforating_Stamp_OM.jpg (62389 bytes)
1871 ad
Improved Perforating Stamp
Advertised 1871
J. G. Moody
New York, NY
. Perfection Check Protector
Patented 1872
1872_Profector_Check_Protector_x1.jpg (33836 bytes)
1872_Profector_Check_Protector_x2.jpg (47291 bytes)
. Safety Check Protector
Exhibited 1876
G. K. Cooke & Co.
New York, NY
Descriptions of the 1876 International Exhibition in Philadelphia record that G. K. Cooke & Co. exhibited "safety check protectors."  No illustration is available.
1878_Pool_OM.jpg (19443 bytes) Bank Check Protector
Advertised 1878
A. Alex. Pool & Co.
Newark, NJ
1895_Automatic_Bank_Punch_adx.jpg (62097 bytes) Automatic Bank Punch(a.k.a. Roberts Cheque Protector,
Williams Automatic Bank Punch)
Patented 1884-85 ~ Advertised 1887-1914
Automatic Bank Punch Co.
New York, NY
1884_1885_Automatic_Bank_Punch_front_OM.JPG (35409 bytes)
1886_Gregory_Cbomination_Draft_Check_or_Note_Protector_OM.jpg (54207 bytes) Gregory Combination Draft, Check or Note Protector
Advertised 1886
Schlicht & Field Co.
Rochester, NY
1889_Monarch_Check_Protector_mfged_under_1873_patent_adved_1889.jpg (72843 bytes) Monitor Check Protector(a.k.a. Monarch Check Protector)
Patented 1874 ~ Pat No. 153,059 ~ Advertised 1883, 1887-89
Made by R. H. Smith Mfg. Co., Springfield, MA (1883)
Eaton & Ellsworth (cast on the machine to right)
Photo to right courtesy of Mike Guthrie
1874_Monitor_Check_Protector_Mike_Guthrie_OM.jpg (155299 bytes)
. Automaton Check Perforator
Advertised 1883
Made by R. H. Smith Mfg. Co., Springfield, MA (1883)
"finer in construction and more costly" than the Monitor Check Protector.
No image available.
1887_Automatic_Check_Protector_made_in_Germany.jpg (61619 bytes)
1889_Automatic_Bank_Punch_perforates_numerals_made_Germany_sold_US.jpg (97182 bytes)1913_Check_perforator.jpg (174847 bytes)
Automatic Check Perforator (top left) 
& Automatic Bank Punch(middle left)
Advertised 1887 US (top),1889 Germany (middle), and 1913 France (bottom)
1887_1891_Standard_Check_Punch_adx.jpg (68800 bytes) Standard Automatic Safety Check Punch 
(a.k.a. Lowden Bank Punch)
Patented 1887-91 ~ Advertised 1888-92
Hoggson & Pettis Manufacturing Company
New Haven, CT

As of 1889, Hoggson & Pettis manufactured the Lowdon Bank Punch for the Lowden Bank Punch Co., Kansas City, MO.
Hoggson & Pettis Mfg. Co. was listed as a manufacturer of check punches in an 1899 directory of New Haven manufacturers.

1889_1891_Standard_Automatic_Safety_Check_Punch_OM.jpg (26952 bytes)
Insert image from Office 7/89. Chicago Check Perforator
Patented 1889 ~ Advertised 1889
B.F. Cummins Company
Bonn Brothers, Sole Agents
Chicago, IL
1889_Chicago_Check_Perforator_Bonn_Bros_Sole_Agents_Chicago_Pat_Aug_20_ofc.pro.jpg (28436 bytes)
1889_Chicago_Check_Perforator_adx.jpg (83428 bytes) Chicago Check Perforator
Patented 1889-92 ~ Advertised 1890-1930
B. F. Cummins Company
Chicago, IL, and New York, NY
1903 ad stated "43,000 in daily use."
1889_1892_Chicago_Check_Perforator_B.F._Cummins_Chicago_side.jpg (27120 bytes)
Insert image from Office 3/90 U.S. Check Punch
Advertised 1890
U.S. Check Punch Co.
Cleveland, OH
The "U.S." was said to refer to the "united security" obtained by ink and puncture
. Williams Cheque Punch
Patented 1877-90
The Williams Cheque Punch Co.
The Williams Hubbard Cheque Punch Co.
London, England and New York, NY
1877_1890_Willams_Cheque_Punch_1b.jpg (118820 bytes)
1877_1890_Willams_Cheque_Punch_6b.JPG (79089 bytes)
1890_Lightning_Check_Punch_adx.JPG (69488 bytes)
Replace image from Office 3/90
Lightning Check Punch
Patented 1890 ~ Advertised 1890-93
Lightning Check Punch Company
Bridgeport, CT
Marlboro, MA
Wood knob on end of lever (see ad to left) not shown in photo to right.
1890_Lightning_Check_Punch_1b.JPG (90244 bytes)
1890_Acme_OM.jpg (53922 bytes) Acme Check Perforator
Patented 1890 ~ Advertised 1892-93
Acme Manufacturing Co., Chicago, IL
Acme Check Perforator Co., Chicago, IL (1893)
1890_Climax_OM.jpg (44440 bytes) Climax Check Punch
Patented 1890 ~ Advertised 1893
The Lightning Check Punch Company
Bridgeport, CT
See Russo, Office Collectibles, 2000, p. 82

MBHT_Odell_Type_Writer_Check_perforator.jpg (161779 bytes)
1891 ad.
Courtesy of the Museum of Business History and Technology.

Check Perforator Attachment for Odell Typewriter
Typewriter Patented 1889-90 ~ Typewriter & Perforator Advertised 1891
Odell Typewriter Co., Chicago, IL
Photos right show the parts of the attachment. According to an 1891 ad, the Odell was "the only typewriter in the world having a check perforator attachment."
Odell_Check_Writing_Attachment_1.jpg (9487 bytes)
Odell_Check_Writing_Attachment_3.jpg (15886 bytes)
United_States_Check_Punch_1892_adx.jpg (73220 bytes) United States Check Punch
Patented 1888-91 ~ Advertised 1892-93
United States Check Punch Co., Newark, NJ (1892)
Sloan, Chace & Co., Newark, NJ
1888_1891_United_States_Check_Punch_OM.JPG (59924 bytes)
1890_Abbott_Automatic_Check_Perforator_OM.jpg (392129 bytes)
1890 & 1891 ad
Insert image from Office 11/89.
Abbott Automatic Check Perforator
Patented 1889-91 ~ Advertised 1889-94 ~ Marketed 1905
Abbott Machine Company
Chicago, IL
Photograph shows second (1891) model.  Some examples have only the 1889 patent date, while others have 1889 and 1891 patent dates.
1889_Abbott_Automatic_Check_Perforator.jpg (63312 bytes)
. Abbott Automatic Check Perforator -- European Model Abbott_checkwriter_from_Europe_x.jpg (133475 bytes)
. Abbott Automatic Check Perforator -- Variation
Patented 1889-91
1889_1891_Abbott_Check_Protector_different_model.jpg (55503 bytes)
. Mattson Check Perforator
Anders Mattson
Mora, Dalarna, Sweden
Mora_Dalarna__Mattson_check_protector_Sweden_top.jpg (111116 bytes)

Mora_Dalarna__Mattson_check_protector_Sweden_side.JPG (72535 bytes)
. Unique Check Protector
Patented 1889-92
1889 1892 Unique Check Machine.JPG (32764 bytes)
. Check Protector
Patented 1893
Clark & Roberts
Indianapolis, IN
1893_Clark__Roberts_Check_Writer_Indianapolis_IN_x.jpg (35326 bytes)
Image coming Berlin Check Punch
Advertised 1893
. Matchless Safety Check Punch
Marketed 1893
 The Office Men's Record reported in 1893 that "The Matchless Safety Check Punch punctures the paper, breaks the fibre and makes a plain figure."
No image available

1895_Champion_Check_Protector_adx.jpg (46585 bytes)
1895 ad

Champion Check Perforator
(a.k.a. Nafew Check Protector, Nafew-Lovell Check Protector,
S&P Check Protector
Patented 1895 ~ Advertised 1895-1922
Geo. A. Powers, NY, NY (Champion, 1895)
Samuel Nafew Co., NY, NY (1895-99)
Sittman & Pitt Co., Brooklyn, NY (1901-10)
Cushman & Denison Mfg. Co., New York, NY (S&P, 1910-16)
S__P_Check_Punch_OMx.jpg (87988 bytes)
Japanned finishS__P_Nickel_Plated.jpg (57140 bytes)
1900_Wesley_Indelible_Check_Perforator_ad_OM.jpg (26829 bytes) Indelible Check Perforator (a.k.a. Wesley Check Perforator,
Benson's Imp B Indelible Check Perforator
Patented 1890-97 ~ Advertised 1899-1912
Wesley Manufacturing Company
New York, NY

J. B. Benson was selling check protectors in 1900 at a price of $7.50.
1890 1897 Wesley Check Protector OM.JPG (34301 bytes)
1898_Royal_Check_Perforator_1900_adx.jpg (39417 bytes) Royal Automatic (a.k.a Indelible) Check Perforator
Patented 1898~ Advertised 1898-1903 ~ Marketed 1905
Rouss Manufacturing Company
New York, NY
$3.50 in 1898
"It perforates any part of a Check, the top, bottom or centre. The perforations are filled with an an Acid-Proof Ink."
1898_Royal_Rouss_Mfg_Co_1_OM.jpg (30119 bytes)

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